Florence (Italian: Firenze) is the capital of the region of Tuscany, with a population of about 366,500. The city is considered a cultural, artistic and architectural gem. Florence was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Politically, economically, and culturally it was the most important city in Europe for around 250 years; from some time before 1300 until the early 1500s.
The best-known site of Florence is the domed cathedral of the city, Santa Maria del Fiore, known as The Duomo, whose dome was built by Filippo Brunelleschi. The nearby Campanile (partly designed by Giotto) and the Baptistery buildings are also highlights. The dome, 600 years after its completion, is still the largest dome built in brick and mortar in the world. In 1982, the historic centre of Florence was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. The centre of the city is contained in medieval walls that were built in the 14th century to defend the city. At the heart of the city, in Piazza della Signoria, is Bartolomeo Ammanati's Fountain of Neptune (1563–1565), which is a masterpiece of marble sculpture at the terminus of a still functioning Roman aqueduct.
Impruneta is a town and comune of the province of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany. The population is about 15,000.
Pontassieve is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Florence in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 14 kilometres (9 mi) east of Florence, nearby Fiesole, at the confluence of the Arno and Sieve rivers.
Vicchio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Florence in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Florence. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 7,736 and an area of 139.0 square kilometres (53.7 sq mi).
Vicchio borders the following municipalities: Borgo San Lorenzo, Dicomano, Marradi, Pontassieve.
Three famous Italian painters were born near Vicchio: Giotto (in the frazione of Colle di Vespignano), Fra Angelico (at Rupecanina) and Armeno Mattioli. There is a 3.2 meter statue of Giotto in Vicchio's central square, the Piazza di Giotto. It was also the birthplace of Jean-Baptiste Lully (Baptized Giovanni Battista Lulli), who would become the founder of the French opera tradition.
Dicomano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Florence in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Florence. Dicomano borders the following municipalities: Londa, Rufina, San Godenzo, Vicchio.
Palazzuolo sul Senio is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Florence. located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Florence. Palazzuolo sul Senio borders the following municipalities: Borgo San Lorenzo, Brisighella, Casola Valsenio, Castel del Rio, Firenzuola, Marradi.